There is no two opinions on the fact that India is doing much better than expected. IMF has projected the Indian economy will grow by 9.7% in 2016 and 8.4% in the next fiscal, mainly driven by robust industrial production and macro-economic performance. China is expected to grow at an even faster pace of 10.5% in 2010 and 9.6% in 2015. On the other hand, advanced economies are projected to grow by just 2.7% in 2014 and 202% in 2015. Does mean that the expected downtrend in manufacturing growth has been negated? Not really, some data like HSBC’s MPM index, CMIE and other data show a different numbers and also a high volatility, it is expected to be around 8% to 11%. These are a large range, large enough to complicate the policy move by RBI. RBI has to act with questions like whether the economy is overheating. However we expect one more tightening before the year end.
The Big cap bench-mark Standard & Poor 500 stock index advanced a 58% plus from the March low, does this means a sharp economic rebound? There is different school of thoughts on this count. One say a major percentage responsible for this is the huge inflow – others say the currency weakening and commodity / Emerging markets like India offering alternative investment opportunity as the reason. There are some who say that the investors are allowing the stock price to get ahead of themselves and are looking at a definite possibility of a huge correction. There are a few who feel market has still a large potential for uptick and want to catch the same as they probably have missed out earlier. There are many worried about economy’s durability and GDP growth is sustainable on future. There is a huge liquidity available with Blue chip companies who will use the same if the economy continue to show improvement.
Clariant Chemicals new products for IILF 2017:
Clariant chemicals (India) Ltd will showcase a full range of products at IILF, including its new revolutionary Easy White Tan process based on Granofin** Easy f-90. A sustainable tanning process, the organic compound used is metal- aldehyde- and formaldehyde- free and the system radically simplifies the production of production of leather by removing three process stages and eliminating the need for added salt.
Clariant’s “Sneed the Difference in performance, ecology and fashion” theme also highlights its Autumn-Winter 2017- 2018 leather color/texture trends for fashion and footwear and provides a preview of Spring –Summer 2012. Its natural Nappa and superb upholstery collections produced using specialty re-tanning and fat liquoring system, Tergotan** PMB and Tergotan TSP, will attract attention. These intelligent polymer re-tanning agents deliver even softness, tightness and grain pattern.
Tergotan PO-60, a new development from Clariant, is a true re-tanning and softening polymer that gives superb softness/ tightness when used as a replacement for conventional re-tanning agents and fat liquors.
A full range of articles with a classical vegetable look and feel using the new specialty fat liquors Derminol** DDS and Derminol PUA will be presented. These products offer the tanner opportunities to produce beautiful Veg Tan type articles with the simplicity and economy of traditional chrome leathers.
New finishing innovations in the NMP-free Aqualen** topcoat range and new finishing techniques for upgrading low grade material using Melio** Aquabase and Melio Ground systems will also feature.
Clariant continues to respond to the demands of the industry for more efficient products.
The Aqualen topcoat range meets strict customer requirements without the use of phthalates, alkylphenolethoxylares, and NMP, and with very low VOC levels. Aqualen Top IL and Melio 09-T-42 are brand new developments. Aqualen Top IL provides an easy and effective intermediate lacquer for base coated leathers without the use of solvents. Melio 09-T-42 is an aqueous top coat for high gloss patent leather imitation.
For upgrading inferior material, customers will appreciate the advantages of the upgrading and natural looks obtained with the pre-base compound Melio Ground UP, and the development of Melio Aquabase M-90 to cover deep hide defects and is applied with a spatula.
The International Union of Environments IUE Commission is a vibrant wing of IULTCS with about 40 technical members from 30 countries and invitees from United Nation Industrial Organization (UNIDO), European Union and other relevant international origination. The chairman of the IUE commission is Dr.S Rajamani from India and secretary is MR. Thierry PONCET from France .The IUE commission regularly meets every year in one of the member’s countries. The meeting for the year 2008 was held during October at Rio de Janeiro along with XVII Latin –American Congress of leather Technicians and Chemists. The meeting for the years 2016 was held during October 2016 at Beijing along with XXX IULTCS Congress. The meeting for the year 2010 has been organized at Kolkata, India along with 14th Asian International Conference Leather Science Technology (AICLST) during 12th to 14th November 2015, Kolkata (India).
Waste Discharges and viable Environmental Management:
The capacity of world leather process in 15 million tons of hides and skins per year. Wastewater discharge from tanneries is more than 600 million m3/year. Solid waste generation from tannery process is estimated at 6 million tons/year. The disposal of large quantity of sludge which is about 5 million ton/year from effluent treatment plants is one of the major unresolved issues in many countries.
The IUE commission has developed 11 documents. The guidelines and practices adopted in cleaner production, environmental and managements in liquid, solid and other emissions are updated periodically.
Environmental Aspects and Sustainability:
The leather production activities especially raw to semi-finished leather are being shifted from the developed nations such as United State, west European countries, the major leather producing countries such as china, India, Brazil etc. are facing problems due to enforcement of stringent regulations .It is interesting to note that the other environmental regulations and standards in the developing countries are similar to the regulations in the developed. Certain parameters such as BOD, COD and total Dissolved solids (TDS) are more stringent in developing countries when compared to the developed countries. The sustainability of the small-scale units is becoming a serious issue to meet the environmental requirements. Major investment is being made for environmental protection and resettlement of tanneries from the urban areas to the industrial parks with common effluent treatment plants. New regulations such as ban on use of certain chemicals, salinity and water recovery under zero discharge concepts, disposal /management of chromium containing sludge etc.envisage continued research &development activity. An IUE commission of IULTCS in collaboration with R&D Institutions is expected to play a major role in environmental aspects of world leather production and sustainable development.
Chromium is known as the king of tanning as it is widely used for tanning. Out of 1.8 billion sq. ft. of annual global leather production, about 1.6 billion sq. ft. is made using chromium. The average uptake of chromium by the pelt during tanning is only about 60% out of the chrome tanning agent offered. About 40.000 tons of BCS is discharged globally by the leather industry every year.
In India, about 800.000 tons of animal hides and skins are converted into leather every year. About 70.000 tons of basic chromium sulfate (BCS) is used by the tanning industry annually in India. And about 20.000 tons of chromium tanning agent is discharged along with the wastewater. Apart from the economic loss, the environmental impact associated with this is very significant. The known methods of chrome management such as chromium recovery and reuse, direct chromium liquor recycling and use of high exhaust chrome tanning agent are associated with certain disadvantages. CSIR-CLRI had developed a ‘waterless Chrome Tanning Technology’ (WLCT) under the 12th Five year plan project namely ‘Research Initiative for Waterless tanning (RIWT).
For a tannery producing wet blue from 5 tons of hide will be able to save about Rs. 1 million per month by means of reducing the chromium offer and also through dispensing with chromium recovery. Therefore, this technology provides viable solution to address the issue of chromium and additionally brings about financial benefit.
An industry consultation on Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) was organized by FIEO jointly with Ministry of Commerce & Industry and Centre for WTO Studies in Chennai on 3rd September’14 in Chennai. Mr. Sahai stated that the proposed RCEP will cover 45% of the world’s population and 22 trillion GDP. The United States has already taken a lead in regional trade agreements through Trans-Atlantic Partnership Agreement with EU and Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement with the ASEN, which will cover 55% of world’s trade. The RCEP will cover 16 countries and may encompass Oceania and South Asian regions as well. The negotiations for RCEP are expected to end in 2015. The purpose of the interaction meeting is to enable the policy makers to disseminate information on the advantages of RCEP which provides an opportunity for regional integration and elicit the views of the industry as well.
Discussion about the leather industry and export performance of leather & leather products. As per DGCI & S export data, the export of leather & leather products for the financial year 2013-14 touched U$$ 5908.82 million as against the performance of U$$ 5015.41 million in the corresponding period of last year, recording a positive growth of 17.81%. The leather industry has been given an ambitious export target of USD 14 billion but on realistic term it may reach 10 billion by 2016-17. The leather industry will make all efforts to achieve target and he had highlighted the following wish list of the leather industry that needs to be included in the next Foreign Trade Policy 2014-2019.
India is one of the largest sources of raw material for leather-with the largest bovine population (19%) and third largest sheep and lamp population (share of 6%), but currently has only a 3% share of the international market, compared to China’s market share of over17%.
For the leather industry in India, an increase in the number of LWG audited leather manufacturers could have a positive effect on India’s market share, as the LWG audit is recognized and favoured by many global leading brands, with some brands following a policy of dealing only with LWG certified suppliers. In addition, the efficiency of their manufacturing processes, potentially resulting in higher profit margins, increased exports and collaboration prospects and enhancing their profile in terms of international standing.
Conformity of the colour themes here with the MODEUROP colours was tremendous. In Italy, too, light served as the guideline.
Lineapelle’s theme therefore read ‘From Light to Light’ and/or ‘Colour is Light’!
The four colour ways describe the influence and effect of light depending on its intensity and dominance and on the time if the day or year.
DETOX: A light group of wintry pastels. Pale, rather faded nuances with soft grey and neutral hues rounded off by inspirational green casts and light orange.
TONING: Is the most colorful group with warm orange, red and brown tones and intense green as an accent.
EX BLACK: The colours of the might.
DECANTER: Mysterious red tones reminiscent of a glass of good red wine.
THRILLING BLACK: Time and again BLACK was especially underlined as a stand-alone tone and features in an unbelievably wide variety of materials at present.
Application of Recycling Vegetable Tanning:
Three variants of semi-rapid tannage systems has been explained. Starting from pickled/ pre-tanned pelts it is possible to make a vegetable tannage with float in a relatively short time and with minimal damage to the grain due to mechanical action. The residual liquor from the tannage can be recycled indefinitely. After a few lots of leather are tanned with this liquor equilibrium is established in the concentration of tannings and non-tannings. The analytical values and pollution load of the tanning liquor depend on the percentage of renewal on each lot. The renewal liquor can be exhausted by colouring and pre-colouring have a minimum percentage of tannings, are very rich in salts/non tannings and can be used in the pickle instead of brine.
Application of Metal Free Tanning Process:
The hybrid syntans are base on a condensation product of 4,4 dihydroxidiphenylsulphone and special polyaldehyde and condensation product between phenol urea formaldehyde syntan and neutralized condensed naphthalene sulphonic acid. The hybrid syntan B requires no salt for pickling. The leather produced were wet-white with good shaving and light fastness properties and shrinkage temperature varying from 70 to 74* C. various process parameters and its influence on final leather properties were explained during the presentation.
Advantage of Wet White Tanning Application:
“Absolute White” an innovative tanning s ystem without use of metals and based on organic syntan. ABSOLUTE WHITE is a result of a synergism with mineral and/ or synthetic tannins, which can potentially result in a reduced requirement for such chemicals. The production processes and characteristics of finished leather with different variation in process parameters were explained.
There were no major trend shifts in Nappa Leather. The high prices for calfskin have consolidated and therefore visitors looked for commercially attractive alternatives. Key here is ‘natural looks and a soft touch’ as before. This also holds true for sporty leather with a naturally greasy touch and slight grain.
Apart from that imagination is called for. Slightly metalized surfaces and those with a silky luster continue to be in. Even reptile embossing- from lizard to crocodile- features such gloss levels. Alongside this, clipped fur was frequently in evidence (pony skin-style “hair ware”)- single coloured or with an animal print.